How Can I Tell If I Have Type 2 Diabetes?
Do you suspect you have diabetes? Perhaps you know someone with diabetes and you’re beginning to see the symptoms they experienced in yourself. Whatever the case may be, it’s extremely vital to pay attention to the symptoms and seek treatment as soon as possible. This can help reduce your condition and protect other aspects of your health that diabetes will ultimately affect.
If you do have diabetes, you’re not alone. According to the CDC, a 2017 report concluded that a little more than 30 million adults in America are living with diabetes. But what’s even more alarming is that roughly 80 million adults in the U.S. have prediabetes.
What is Prediabetes?
Prediabetes is a health condition where your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but have not yet reached the level of type 2 diabetes. The CDC found that about 90% of those with prediabetes don’t realize they have it. If left untreated, the condition will become Type 2 diabetes and you can expect to experience serious health complications including heart disease and stroke.
The cause of prediabetes is your insulin level. Since insulin is a hormone produced by your pancreases, it’s what your cells need for energy. However, if your cells aren’t responding to insulin, your blood sugar will rise. Your pancreas will produce your insulin in an attempt to get your cells to respond. This overproduction of insulin sets the stage for type 2 diabetes. For these reasons, it’s important for anyone who believes they’re developing diabetes to seek out a professional diagnosis and treatment.
If you’re experiencing any of the following symptoms, you may be at risk for type 2 diabetes:
1. You’re dealing with increased urination
One of the common symptoms of type 2 diabetes is increased urination. This is because when your blood sugar levels are high, your kidneys will attempt to remove excess sugar through filtering out the blood. You may begin to notice the need to urinate more frequently, especially at night.
2. You’re constantly hungry.
If you have diabetes, you will not get the right source of energy from food thus causing you to feel hungry even after you’ve had a well-proportioned meal. What happens to your digestive system when you have diabetes is it has difficulty breaking down food into simple sugar known as glucose. Instead, it moves glucose into the body’s cells. So regardless of how much you eat, you will find that you still feel hungry.
3. You experience blurred vision on a regular basis.
The tiny blood vessels in your eyes may be harmed when there’s an excess of sugar in your blood. The result is blurred vision. You may notice blurry vision in one eye then it can shift to the other or both eyes may experience trouble concentrating. If you’re consistently experiencing blurred vision, it’s extremely important to be tested for diabetes as a lack of treatment may result in permanent loss of vision.
4. You’re always tired.
Similar to always feeling hungry, you may begin to notice you’re always tired. Fatigue and tiredness are common symptoms of type 2 diabetes that stem from a lack of sugar moving into the body’s cells. Even when you’ve had a good night’s rest, you’ll notice a lack of energy.
5. You’re always thirsty.
Thirst is one of the most common symptoms of diabetes that results from increased urination. When you lose more water than necessary, this leads to increased thirst and if you’re not careful, it will also cause dehydration. Be sure to seek a professional diagnosis to better understand what is happening inside your body.
6. It takes a while for your wounds and/or cuts to heal.
Higher than normal levels of sugar in your blood are harmful to your nerves and blood vessels. It will impair your blood circulation. When this happens, any cuts or wounds sustained will take longer than usual to heal and may be prone to infection if not treated properly.
7. Your hand and/or feet experience daily tingling or numbness.
Another effect of poor blood circulation is how it affects the body’s nerves. High blood sugar levels will cause a feeling of tingling in the hands and feet. You may also notice numbness in your hands and feet as well. If your condition worsens or is left untreated, you may be at risk of a condition known as neuropathy, which affects your central nervous system.
8. You’ve developed patches of dark skin.
An outward display of type 2 diabetes is patches of dark skin that tend to form on the creases of the beck, groin or armpit. This skin condition is referred to as Acanthosis nigricans. If you notice areas of dark skin, see whether they feel soft and velvet-like, this is commonly how they will look and feel.
An Early Diagnosis is Your Best Option — Contact Diabetes & Endocrinology Specialists of El Paso Today
While diabetes is not preventable for some individuals, there are strategic ways to manage it. At the Diabetes & Endocrinology Specialists of El Paso, we believe that your life shouldn’t be defined by your diabetes. Living a healthy and fulfilling life is possible when you seek the right care.