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Hyperthyroidism: Symptoms and What You Need to Know


The words hyperthyroidism is often thrown around. Yet, many people confuse the two or don’t have a broad enough understanding of the effect the thyroid has on the body. The thyroid plays an important function in growth and development and hormone regulation. This month, we thought we’d take a look at why the thyroid is an important part of our everyday functions and why understanding what it does and how it affects us can help us find irregularities faster. 


What is the Thyroid? 


Let’s start from the beginning. What is the thyroid? It is a butterfly-shaped gland that sits low on the front of the neck. It is positioned right below the Adam’s apple and when everything is normal can hardly be felt. It is rich with blood vessels. 


When was Thyroid Disease Discovered?


According to the U.S National Institute of Health the first description of thyroid disease was Graves disease by Caleb Perry  in 1786. Graves disease is an autoimmune disease that occurs with the overproduction of thyroxine. The first Thyroidectomy for hyperthyroidism was performed in 1880 and different thyroid therapies were developed in the 1940s. All of this lead to the evolution of endocrinology as a formal discipline that today covers a vast amount of conditions. 


What are the Common Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism?


If you are diagnosed with hyperthyroidism, it means that your body is producing excessive amounts of hormones. This can affect various aspects of your life including metabolism, sleep, energy levels, and weight management. Graves disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. Heart rate and blood pressure may increase and hearth rhythms become abnormal. Blood tests can confirm the diagnosis of an overactive thyroid. With this diagnosis, it means your body is producing excessive amounts of T3 and T4 hormones. There are a variety of common symptoms, although not everyone will experience all of them. Sometimes, it depends on the person as to what symptoms are more pronounced. 


Here are some of the common signs:


  • Appetite change 
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent bowel movement
  • Heat intolerance and excessive sweating
  • Irritability 
  • Nervousness 
  • Problems with fertility 
  • And more


Those are just some of the common signs, although it doesn’t always mean you have hyperthyroidism. This is why it’s important to get your thyroid check and understand any changes that are happening in your body. This gland can affect your mood and your overall quality of life. 


Here at Diabetes and Endocrinology Specialists of El Paso, we take the time to assess your health. If thyroid problems run in your family, you might be at higher risk. Come in today and let’s start the healing process and the road to better health!

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